Building Peace With Human Rights UN 2.0
We should give human rights, science, and international law experts major advisory inputs to the main body of the UN 2.0. We should use the input of religious leaders in matters of war and peace.
We need expert views from Non-Governmental Organizations (NGOs) because the most effective global lobbyists for human rights, women’s rights, and the environment have come from civil society, not from government.
We could help the better angels in our civilization lead the way by giving far more voting power to nations with functioning democracies, low corruption, free speech, religious freedom, free college, and universal health care.
This system would give far less voting power to dictatorships, nations with high corruption, torture, repression of dissidents, & war crimes. Here’s how:
We can double a nation’s votes for each of the following:
- Freedom of Speech With Hate Speech Laws
- Freedom of Religion
- Functioning Democracy With Competing Political Parties
- Universal Health Care
- Low Corruption
- Free or Cheap College with Universal Primary & Secondary Education
- Outlawing Trade In Military Weapons
- Establishing Military Embargoes On Conflict Nations
- Melting Down Military Weapons
- Moving Private Drug Companies into Worldwide Sharing Research
- Accepting International Court of Justice (ICJ or World Court) & International Criminal Court (ICC) Jurisdiction: The ICJ hears disputes between countries. The ICC prosecutes individuals, war crimes, genocide, and crimes against humanity. Countries must accept its jurisdiction even for government, military leaders. Like now, nations have primary responsibility, ICC only investigates if a nation fails to investigate, delays, or fails to prosecute when appropriate. Like now, there are safeguards against politically motivated prosecutions. France, United Kingdom, all NATO except Turkey already accept ICC jurisdiction!
- Criminal Money Laundering Reform to capture criminal money flows with more transparent banking laws, close down the secrecy jurisdictions, close and/or break up large banks for money laundering, take away the profits for money laundering of criminal funds in real estate deals, penalize bankers and accountants who facilitate illegal money flows.
- Science-based Drug & Criminal Laws (eliminate jail for personal drug use, adultery, consensual homosexuality, abortion, magic, establishing needle exchange programs for addicts, etc.)
- Increasing Protections for the Environment, Reducing Fossil Fuels & Increasing Renewable Energy
We can completely remove a nation’s vote and impose sanctions for any of the following:
- Future War Crimes, Torture, Crimes Against Humanity, Aggression
- Supporting Terrorist Organizations
- Sharing Military Technology with Nations Supporting Terrorists
- Weaponizing Artificial Intelligence
- Using Nuclear, Chemical, or Biological Weapons
We can divide a nation’s total number of votes by ½ for:
- High Human Trafficking
- High Criminal Money Flows
- High Corruption
- Jailing Nonviolent Dissidents
- Being A Tax Evasion Haven Jurisdiction
- Having Nuclear, Chemical, or Biological Weapons
- High Child Labor
Poor Nation Bonuses:
Poor nations get a vote without having to provide developmental foreign aid to other nations.
We will write off all excess interest on the debts of poor countries, freeing them to invest in development.
Poor nations can also earn far more humanitarian aid (clean water, infrastructure, food, basic health care & housing, education) by:
- Melting Down Military Weapons
- Outlawing Trade In Military Weapons, Establishing Military Embargoes On Conflict Nations
- Implementing Land Reform to give citizens the ability to finance new businesses
- Ending War Crimes, Torture, Crimes Against Humanity, Aggression
- Ending Support of Terrorist Organizations
- Ending The Use of Nuclear, Chemical, or Biological Weapons
- Reducing Human Trafficking
- Interrupting Criminal Money Flows
- Reducing Corruption
- Ending the Jailing of Nonviolent Political Prisoners
- Improving Freedom of Speech With Hate Speech Laws
- Improving Freedom of Religion
- Developing Functioning Democracy With Competing Political Parties
Expertise from humanitarian organizations could rate nations on all the above criteria, fine-tuning the limits to qualify for the voting structure or for rewarding poor nations.
Experts in international law could establish the recommended laws for adoption to qualify for certain criteria in the voting structure and for rewarding poor nations.
These experts might even decide to modify the criteria to rank nations into three categories (high, average, and low) instead of two on some criteria, such as corruption or environmental protection.
Wiser Foreign Aid Can Save Us Trillions Of Dollars For Our Own Needs
This UN 2.0 could require rich nations to spend 1.5% of gross national income on humanitarian foreign aid in order to vote. We can easily afford it and it would do us enormous good!
Military leaders understand the great importance of aid in preventing wars and terrorism. Over 120 retired admirals and generals sent a letter to Congress in February 2017 arguing against cuts in foreign aid.
Requiring developed nations to spend 1.5% of their gross national incomes on humanitarian and developmental aid would transform the world and save us far, far more money by reducing the need for military spending.
Sweden spent 1.4% of their gross national income on developmental aid in 2015 but dropped to .94% in 2016.
Norway, the United Arab Emirates, and Luxembourg all spent over 1% of their gross national income on aid in 2016. Countries like Turkey, Denmark, Germany, the United Kingdom, and Netherlands spent between .75% and .65% of their income on aid in 2016.
Other developed countries spent between .53% down to .26% of their income on aid in 2016, while the US only spent .18% of our income on aid.
The US spends more on aid than any other country because of our huge, wealthy population. But these statistics show we are actually stingy in ratio per dollar of income, compared to most wealthy or developed countries.
As things stand now, much foreign aid is politicized, going to countries where rich nations have special interests. We should collect aid worldwide and let humanitarian and developmental experts decide where to best use it.
The US could cut its military budget by 40% or $300 billion each year and still have as strong a military as we did under Presidents Eisenhower, G.H.W. Bush, Nixon, or Clinton.
We could then use that money here at home for free health care, free college and vocational skills training, more and better housing for the homeless and poor, free addiction treatment, etc.
Read our peace petition to see how very cheaply we could provide the world with clean water, basic health care, education, and food, doubling food production and ending all hunger.
We could do all this with less than 4 months of US military spending. We can provide education in a culturally sensitive way, reducing costs even further using satellites and the Internet.
Later on, as nations see the great financial and peace benefits of aid, we should be able to reduce military spending even more and constantly increase the target for humanitarian and developmental aid to 2%, 4%, 6%, 8%, and perhaps eventually 10% of gross national income.
The Building Peace UN 2.0 should establish full time commissions for:
- Working Toward A UN Pharmaceutical Center: the science staff of pharmaceutical companies could work as they do now, but cooperatively worldwide, with more focus on the immediate needs of humanity and without wasting time and effort on copycat drugs with minor tweaks. The UN Pharmaceutical Center could incorporate charitable organizations that have developed medicines like Doctors Without Borders and Drugs for Neglected Diseases. Transparent UN administration would eliminate fraud and the financial waste of profits, duplicated research, executive bureaucracy, and advertising. Ideally, the European Medicines Agency, the United States Food & Drug Administration, and other governmental bodies evaluating medicines would work cooperatively worldwide in the UN Pharmaceutical Center.
- Fighting Criminal Money Flows with Bank Transparency
- A Global Minimum Corporate Tax (eliminating corporate incentives to shift and hide earnings)
- Corporate Transparency in Sourcing Minerals in order to eliminate abuses and child labor, force governments to establish safe, regulated sources of conflict minerals. Enforce the Extractive Industries Transparency Initiative, the Kimberley Process, and the High Level Panel on Illicit Financial Flows from Africa.
- Model Trade Laws protecting workers, unions, & indigenous peoples
- Effective Civilian Oversight of Law Enforcement
- Balanced Journalism showing both sides of controversies and using more scientists in media. (In the US, bring back Fair Media Act)
- Worldwide Funding Mechanisms such as a tax on air travel, a tax on mining rights, and a 1 and ½% Robin Hood Tax. This Robin Hood tax on financial transactions like stocks, bonds, derivatives, futures, and credit default swaps could fund the UN and its work without disrupting regular people and their pension funds. In fact, it would help stabilize our markets by reducing the risky lightning-speed speculative computer trading of high-volume investors.
We should strengthen the World Court, allowing it to review the decisions, behaviors, and precedents of the General Assembly for legality, to ensure the sovereignty of nations, and to make sure they don’t favor the special interests of certain people, groups, organizations, or nations.
The UN Disarmament Commission should expand from meeting for three weeks in the spring and making annual recommendations on principles and guidelines to a full time commission working on greatly increasing diplomacy, military weapons embargoes (worldwide, but especially in conflict zones like the Middle East), outlawing and punishing the trade in military weapons, and fighting the militarization mindset in arts, statues, and media.
We must support the UN Refugee Agency (UNHCR) far more. The average refugee is out of their country for 10 years. If we don’t house and settle them and educate their children, some of them will end up becoming terrorists.
UN 2.0 Would Eliminate the Security Council, give the General Assembly, with its voting members as described above, all its powers:
- Responsibility to maintain international peace and security
- Power to deal with grave human rights violations, including in conflict areas
- Authority to investigate and mediate, dispatch a mission, appoint special envoys, or request the Secretary-General to use his offices.
- Power to order ceasefires, dispatch military observers or a peacekeeping force.
- Power to enforce rules and orders with penalties such as ejection from voting, economic sanctions, arms embargoes, blockades, financial penalties, freeze bank accounts, travel restrictions, cuts on trade, aid, diplomatic relations, and/or loans, or even military action.
This newly empowered General Assembly must be fully transparent, with no dominant members working out resolutions or setting agendas in private, and no informal consultations behind closed doors (as often happens now with the Permanent 5 members of the Security Council.)
The Peacebuilding Commission and the UN Economic and Social Council should be elevated to become the leading partners with the General Assembly and the UN Disarmament Commission in developing agendas, policies, and solutions.
The Peacebuilding Commission already does excellent work in funding conflict prevention, advocacy, cutting-edge analysis, global norms, sustainable development, and partnerships for humanitarian coordination.
These organizations should become larger and more central, cooperating with all the major regional and civil peace and human rights organizations for input, analysis, and help. For example, Amnesty International and Human Rights Watch could help the Human Rights Council in evaluating nations for torture and the jailing of dissidents.
Organizations working on election monitoring like the Carter Center, Global Network of Domestic Election Monitors, and regional orgs like European Network of Election Monitoring Organizations can help rate countries on their level of democracy.
In general and especially for countries in conflict, the UN should work more closely with important financial and developmental bodies like the World Bank and the International Monetary Fund. The UN especially needs close cooperation with the World Bank’s International Development Association, the International Finance Corporation, and the Multilateral Investment Guarantee Agency.
The UN should also work closely with the Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD), large established peace organizations (such as the Economic Community of West African States, Union of South American Nations, and the European Union’s Instrument contributing to Stability & Peace), charities, nonprofit, and non-governmental organizations (NGOs).
The trend in public health has been toward narrower mandates focused on important problems and away from centralized control or increasing the ability of governments to deal with health issues. The progress is welcome but we need more long-term funding for worldwide governance goals in health care, like epidemic preparedness and response.
The UN’s World Health Organization (WHO) and World Bank should be more transparent, should improve monitoring and accountability, and should incorporate new partnerships like the Global Fund to Fight HIV/AIDS, Tuberculosis, & Malaria, and Gavi, the Vaccine Alliance.
Major donors like the Gates and Clinton Foundations have excellent monitoring of results, transparency, and accountability. For these reasons, outside organizations now increasingly partner with them.
Giving important Non-Governmental Organizations (NGOs) like the Gates and Clinton Foundations actual voting rights in the WHO and World Bank to help set priorities and efforts would strengthen UN efforts with their expertise and enable more important long-term efforts to strengthen governments worldwide.
Building Peace UN 2.0 would encourage all nations to use religious, arts, music, media, and sports leaders to promote all these causes.
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